How to Grow Mushrooms From Old Mushroom Stem Butts

Usually when it comes to growing mushrooms, the most important thing that you will need to begin with is the mushroom spawn itself – this is what the mushrooms grow from, so it is an essential ingredient. Without it, it would be like trying to grow an apple tree without the apple pip – its never going to work. Usually the mushroom spawn will be especially created by a mycologist, and will normally consist of some kind of grain that has been impregnated with mushroom mycelium (mycelium is what the mushrooms come from).

You can create your own mushroom spawn several ways, but what most people don’t realise is that you can actually grow your own mushrooms from old stem butts, enabling you to re-use old mushrooms and start your own cycle of mushroom cultivation.

All that you need to do is to cut off a small section of the mushroom stem butt, no bigger then an inch long. It is important to try and use the bottom of the stem, with the bulbous part of the stem intact (this part is usually removed prior to preparing the mushroom for cooking and for packaging before being sold in stores). However if you have already grown some of your own mushrooms from some kind of spawn then you will have no problem getting hold of the healthiest variety of stem butts. You can still try using the stem from shop-brought mushrooms, but you may not have as much success.

It is important stating that not all mushrooms have this stem growth capability, and there are only a few varieties that are known to be able to re-spawn from their stems. These include Oyster mushrooms (Pleutrous Ostreatus), Parasol mushrooms, Morels, Prince, and many more.

All you need to do is remove a section of the stem butts, and get some corrugated cardboard. Soak the cardboard and then try to peel it in half, so that the paper is as thin as possible. Next, lay the carboard on a surface and place some of the stem butts on top. Try and leave around 6 inches of cardboard per stem butt. Cover the stems with the rest of the corrugated cardboard and then re-soak for a few minutes. Place the folded pieces of cardboard into an old box – cardboard, wood, or anything else that will keep the box moist, and then place it in a shady position in your garden before covering it with leaves.

What will happen is that the mycelium will start to grow through the pieces of cardboard, from the stem butts, using the materials in the cardboard as a food (mushrooms naturally grow on wood and so cardboard is ideal to use and is easier to break down). After a few months you will have your own cardboard spawn, and you can either use this to grow mushrooms on more cardboard, or you can mix this cardboard spawn with straw, creating an outdoor bed or mushroom patch, or you can try and transfer the spawn to other substrates.

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Is Social Media a Time Waster? Be Purposeful With Your Time

Some people think Facebook is a waste of time. And it may be – if you're inclined to waste time. You do not need to be if you learn to use it correctly.

There are plenty of less vocal people who believe StumbleUpon is for amateur sharers. And of course there is the big camp of people who think all social media, including blogging and social bookmarking, is a huge waste of your resources that you will not get anything back from. What's so often missed here is that, under different circumstances, the view of tools as useful and useless is right. A powerful weapon in the hands of a novice is ineffective.

Seriously though, it's always your choice whether to be a novice or to learn more. It's much savvier to say you do not know how to use Facebook for business, and then find out, than it is to claim it's a time wast when you're playing the zombie game and bothering your co-workers.

The easiest way to overcome the lazy potential factor in any social media tool is to limit the amount of time you spend on it. If you have 15 minutes to get everything you need during a trip to the grocery store, the way you spend your time differs greatly. You'll bring a list; think ahead to how to efficiently cruise the aisles, etc.

On the other hand, if you are taking a leisurely trip that's not needed, you tend to browse and look at things you normally would not buy, not to mention spend too much. Plan your trips to social media sites the same way. You can always come back to play Scrabble or chat with friends, after you've finished your work.

I liken the use of social media to the use of the telephone (Yes, the internet too, but that's so obvious that the point is still missed. end.)

You can use the telephone for dating (phone chat rooms), to waste time (gossiping with a friend), to solidify a relationship (calling a friend just to say hello), to touch base (let your mother know you're alive) , and yes, for business too (call instead of driving over and having a meeting, connect with a client, check up on a vendor, ask a college a question, network, etc.).

It's up to you how you want to use Facebook, or del.icio.us, or MySpace or Furl or any Social Media tool. If other people think it's a waste of your time, let them. They are not the ones who have to live with your profits and losses at the end of the quarter. There's plenty of information about how to use Social Media Optimization for business, Facebook in particular. A lot of it is free.

If that's what you're interested in doing, do not let the "time waster"; scare throw you off – go out there and find out for your self what the best tips are and test them. Believe your own results.

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Is Clean & Pure Countertop Water Filter Really So Clean and Pure?

If you purchase a Clean & Pure countertop water filter, you expect certain things. First, since it is advertised as a maintenance free countertop water filter, you expect that the system will consistently remove contaminants for a reasonable length of time. Many people who have purchased the units were disappointed.

A maintenance free countertop water filter is a great idea for people who are busy and have little time for a lot of extra things. At a cost of $35 it seems to be a great value. But of course everything that seems good usually has a downside.

According to consumer reviews, the clean & pure countertop water filter is prone to leakage. One customer said that the system didn’t purify anything because it leaked all the water out. Another said that he contacted the company to find out what contaminants were removed. The company was forthcoming enough, in that they stated that it was not actually a water purifier. It is only designed to remove chlorine and odor.

I worry about the customers that say the maintenance free countertop water filter was the best thing they have ever purchased. It is easy to believe that since the taste is better and the odor is removed, you are completely safe. But, there are many things that can come out of the tap that can neither be smelled nor tasted. And, many of them can be deadly.

The owner can choose to purchase a better-grade pore structure cartridge at a higher price, supposedly to remove more contaminants, but the model that is sold on the Home Shopping Network does not come with that option. The name makes you think that you are getting a great product for a great deal, but the facts are somewhat different.

The Clean & Pure countertop water filter is advertised as a maintenance free countertop water filter, but it will have to be changed when it is worn out. It is said to be good for 15,000 gallons, but some customer reviews indicate otherwise.

In order to get a truly clean & pure countertop water filter, three important things should be included. First, it should be able to carry-out mechanical filtration. This process absorbs contaminants, when water passes over and moistens the fibers.

Second, whether it is a maintenance free countertop water filter or not, it should be able to perform electro kinetic absorption. This means contaminated particles produce an electrical field that can be identified and removed by the system.

Third, anything that is truly a clean & pure countertop water filter should be able to function as the site of physical absorption. Meaning when the water passes over a solid absorbent and particles will stick to the surface of the absorbent.

Carbon blocks are used in the better systems to accomplish that task. The best choice may not be a maintenance free countertop water filter, but one in which the filtration cartridges need only be replaced every three months or so.

The really low price tag on the Clean & Pure countertop water filter should be an indication that some of the technology has not been included. Don’t be one of the many who are dissatisfied. Now that you know some of the most important features, find one that will truly meet your needs.

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Graduated Cylinders, Pipettes, Burettes – Know The Difference

Some people are not really aware of the different uses of glassware in chemistry. Knowing about the different varieties of glassware can help you in selecting which is right for your situation. So, if you’re thinking on doing any chemistry work it is important to be able to tell the differences between measuring cylinders, burettes, and measuring cylinders.

Graduated cylinders are great for the measurement of bulk volumes. They have many advantages compared to burettes and pipettes. Burettes allow for dispensing larger volumes than a pipette. The purpose of measuring cylinders is not the dispensing of liquids but they can contain a larger volume than the aforementioned two. They are designed to indicate exactly how much liquid the cylinder contains. This is why they are calibrated from the bottom to the top. A burette, on the other hand, is designed to display how much liquid it is dispensing. This is why it is calibrated from top to bottom. Pipettes can only measure a very specific volume, whereas graduated cylinders and burettes are capable of measuring any volume up to their maximum capacity.

A negative aspect of pipettes is that due to their calibration they are read from top to bottom. The fact that they are read from top to bottom makes them slightly more susceptible to human error. This is why it is a good idea to be aware of what glassware you’re using and pick the glassware that best suits your need. If you’re having trouble using burettes you can use a graduated cylinder in order to more easily read the amount of liquid being measured. The marks on the cylinder are also generally considered easier to read.

There are a variety of different sizes of graduated cylinders. The most typical sizes are 10ml, 25ml, 100ml, 500ml, and all the way up to 2 liters. Measuring cylinders are sometimes used in order to handle the volume of liquid required. If accuracy is what you’re after you should use a measuring cylinder. So, in any case that you can a graduated cylinder is generally regarded as more desirable, but if the situation doesn’t call for the most extreme of accuracy, or if other means may be suitable you can always use a pipette or burette.

Knowing the difference in glassware is important for anyone that intends to study in the field. Everyone from students to professionals needs to make sure that they’re familiar in order to be successful. This is why chemistry classes test their students in the differences between all of the equipment early on in their studies because it is vital information that is important to have memorized.

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The Importance of a Modem

Modem means modulator and demodulator. It is a gadget that you use to transmit date and to receive data as well via a channel for communication. These channels can be a cable, telephone line and an optic fiber.

1. The first answer to the question, why is a modem needed is because we need a converter so data can be transferred to the analog system of the telephone. Today we can also change data that is digital to analog mode. The signal is then changed into digital by the modem through demodulation. This is the simple explanation on the processes that takes place in a modem. Other processes that take place in a modem are error corrections, detection of errors, compressing data and encryption.

2. The second answer to the question, why is a modem needed is for giving higher quality and faster transfer of data. There are fast modems that will remove the problem of most companies about time delays. They also need this to give real-time customer support. It also gives fast communication which is needed by many people.

3. The third answer to the question, why is a modem needed is for giving good quality of graphics for bigger applications. This is especially needed for applications with programs like Java. A fast modem is also needed for creating applications for multimedia as well as games that are three dimensional.

4. The fourth answer to the question, why is a modem needed is for creating the local area network for homes or offices. Today this is one of the most inexpensive ways to connect one computer to the other. This facilitates faster communication like in a hospital where the patients and the medical staff would have quicker access on the health records. For the entertainment industry this is needed to provide clearer pictures and sounds like the HDTV.

5. A modem is also needed because there are still remote places in the world that doctors, lawyers and government officials do not frequently go to. They can only be reached by other people via telecommunications which can be facilitated by having a modem and a computer.

6. Another reason why a modem is needed is for facilitating the fast growth of the economy of a country. Most businesses today operate via online communication. You can easily close a business deal via the Internet. People can also do online shopping which became a trend these days because of the modem.

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6 Key Elements of a Contract

1. Offer. An offer can be oral or written as long as it is not required to be written by law. It is the definite expression or an overt action which begins the contract. It is simply what is offered to another for the return of that person’s promise to act. It cannot be ambiguous or unclear. It must be spelled out in terms that are specific and certain, such as the identity and nature of the object which is being offered and under what conditions and/ or terms it is offered.

2. Acceptance. As a general proposition of law, the acceptance of the offer made by one party by the other party is what creates the contract. This acceptance, as a general rule, cannot be withdrawn, nor can it vary the terms of the offer, or alter it, or modify it. To do so makes the acceptance a counter-offer. Though this proposition may vary from state to state, the general rule is that there are no conditional acceptances by law. In fact, by making a conditional acceptance, the offeree is rejecting the offer. However the offerer, at his choosing, by act or word which shows acceptance of the counter-offer, can be bound by the conditions tendered by the offeree.

3. Consideration. Consideration for a contract may be money or may be another right, interest, or benefit, or it may be a detriment, loss or responsibility given up to someone else. Consideration is an absolutely necessary element of a contract. As a word of caution, it should be noted that consideration has to be expressly agreed upon by both parties to the contract or it must be expressly implied by the terms of the contract. A potential or accidental benefit or detriment alone would not be construed as valid consideration. The consideration must be explicit and sufficient to support the promise to do or not to do, whatever is applicable. However, it need not be of any particular monetary value. Mutual promises are adequate and valid consideration as to each party as long as they are binding. This rule applies to conditional promises as well. As additional clarification, the general rule is that a promise to act which you are already legally bound to do is not a sufficient consideration for a contract. The courts determine the application.

4. Capacity of the Parties to Contract. The general presumption of the law is that all people have a capacity to contract. A person who is trying to avoid a contract would have to plead his or her lack of capacity to contract against the party who is trying to enforce the contract. For example, he would have to prove that he was a minor, adjudged incompetent or drunk or drugged, and so forth. Often this is the most difficult burdens of proof to overcome due to the presumption of one’s ability to contract.

5. Intent of the Parties to Contract. It is a basic requirement to the formation of any contract, be it oral or written, that there has to be a mutual assent or a “meeting of the minds” of the parties on all proposed terms and essential elements of the contract. It has been held by the courts that there can be no contract unless all the parties involved intended to enter into one. This intent is determined by the outward actions or actual words of the parties and not just their secret intentions or desires. Therefore, mere negotiations to arrive at a mutual agreement or assent to a contract would not be considered an offer and acceptance even thought the parties agree on some of the terms which are being negotiated. Both parties must have intended to enter into the contract and one can not have been misled by the other. That is why fraud or certain mistakes can make a contract voidable.

6. Object of the Contract. A contract is not enforceable if its object is considered to be illegal or against public policy. In many jurisdictions contracts predicated upon lotteries, dog races, horse races, or other forms of gambling would be considered illegal contracts. Yet in some states these types of contracts are valid. Federal and some state laws make contracts in restraint of trade, price-fixing and monopolies illegal. Therefore, a contract which violates those statutes would be illegal and unenforceable. This is true for drugs and prostitution or any other activity if considered criminal.

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How Often Should You Milk Your Prostate?

Prostate Milking or Prostate Massage is the process of either massaging or stimulating the prostate gland. There are two reasons for massaging the prostate which can either be for sexual stimulation or medical purposes. Sexual stimulation via the prostate is highly beneficial to men since the level of orgasms is 10-folds higher and the durations are much longer. Medical prostate massage provides urologists samples to detect prostate cancer nodules and expressed prostatic secretions to be further analyzed. For whatever purpose a man wants to milk their prostate, there is a guideline to be followed such as a right procedure and a frequency.

So, how often should you milk your prostate? The frequency of prostate milking should be done less frequently compared to you having sex this is to allow your prostate to rest and recover. Not only that but frequent milking may cause serious harm to your prostate. Beside the point stated for limiting the frequency of prostate milking, it is crucial to massage the prostate gland lightly and carefully to avoid lacerations. Take note that you are rubbing your prostate through your anal wall and any laceration may highly cause an infection than can be very harmful and toxic to the prostate gland, your blood and the whole body. If you’re having a regular satisfactory sex life, milking the prostate isn’t really necessary since the fluids and semen is ejaculated on a regular basis.

If you are interested in the benefits of Prostate Milking, there is a guideline that you must follow and it’s about carefully studying the procedure. Know where to massage and how to properly milk your prostate. It’s imperative that one should be aware of how sensitive the procedure is so you need to make sure that everything is well sanitized.

– Start by washing your hands with soap and water and the anal opening.

– Once this is done, use a disposable glove and lubricate your index finger and anal opening or the sphincter muscle. The purpose of the glove is that you don’t want any foreign contaminants introduced inside your body.

– Carefully insert your index finger and allow the sphincter muscle to relax and accommodate your index finger. Once you feel the prostate, carefully and gently stroke it. If there is pain, stop massaging immediately. There might be something wrong with your prostate. Proceed with caution if none.

– Once you are done, carefully remove your finger and clean up.

There are a lot of advantages to Prostate Milking such as cleansing the prostate gland of fluids. Through decades, milking the prostate has also shown signs of reducing the size of enlarge prostates. This activity also has an intense effect on a man’s orgasm. It also helps drain the semen which reduces the impulse of a person to have sex. This is best for people who took vows of celibacy. People who also suffer from Prostatitis are also recommended for prostate milking.

Medical research has also conducted studies on impotence and it’s relation to prostate milking. According to research, men who undergo it, not only allow them to drain the prostate gland but allows them to reverse their impotence as well. If you are familiar with swelling, then you might also be familiar with the accompanied pain that will just not go away. Where there is swelling there is also a need to ejaculate and the pain in swelling will not give you that opportunity. Here’s where prostate milking comes in. It’s another option and it’s a good one. There is an abundance of benefits to prostate milking as it also lessens your chances of acquiring prostate cancer.

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Coaching and Classes – 5 Ways to Promote Your Life Coaching Business Using Social Media

There are many types of coaching classes on the internet. You can learn how to play the piano and you can learn how to cook fish. There are classes that teach you how to build your online business and others that tell you how to click photographs. One lucrative field is that of life skills coaching. In this, you as a coach help other people achieve success in their chosen field by using their skills, knowledge and talent. Students are more willing to share their strength and weaknesses and try out different alternatives with an online coach.

If you are planning to start a coaching class online, then you need to learn how to market your courses and reach your message to the target audience. I will teach you in this article how to use social media to promote your courses.

1. Create your profile: You must create a profile on the most popular social networking sites like Face-book, MySpace, Twitter and others. Try to make your profile interesting, attractive and enticing. Talk about your journey and how you learn the secrets. Highlight all the achievements and credentials you have acquainted. Tell what it is that makes you the best life coach in the industry.

2. Create a business account: Categorize your account as a business account. Select the business type and add in all the necessary components like logo and contact information. Most importantly, give a link to your website. Finally, publish the account.

3. Promote your services: To increase the popularity of your account, start by asking friends to follow you as fans or ask them to promote your link on their profile page. Join different groups of people who you think are your target audience and share information about your business.

4. Use automated tools: Go for tools like friend adders which allow you to send friend requests to people based on the criteria you select like age, location and lifestyle. This is a great way to increase the number of your fans and get more leads for your business. Then you can use tools that allow you to post a message simultaneously to all your social media sites.

5. Create a vast network: Use viral means to spread your word around. Send out tweets; participate in forums and message boards. Give out solutions to people's problems in Yahoo answers. Do whatever it takes to spread your link all over the internet.

Social media is quite powerful in helping you to popularize your business on the internet. If you do all the steps mentioned above, you will see a dramatic increase in the traffic on your site as well as the number of leads you get.

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