How to Put an Army IRR Packet Together

Packet requirements, what you need to include in your IRR packet:

1. IRR packet checklist, based on Figure B-59 of USAR Pamphlet 600-5.

2. DA Form 4561, Request for Reserve Component Assignment or Attachment. Completely filled and signed by the Soldier and the Commander.

3. Your statement/justification letter and backing documentation. This is based on the reasons listed in AR 140-10.

4. Chain of Command Recommendation.

5. Cogent Personal Reason. If the specific reason isn’t listed in AR 140-10, it requires an exception to policy by your OFTS.

6. Counseling Statement (DA Form 4856). This is from the commander to the Soldier and is face to face. Are you in receipt of a bonus? This counseling statement must warn you about bonus termination or recoupment.

7. Counseling Statement (DA Form 4856). From the Soldier’s servicing career counselor to the Soldier; it’s also face to face.

Valid reasons for transferring from the Troop Program Unit (TPU) to the Individual Ready Reserves (IRR):

As a TPU Soldier, you can forward an IRR transfer packet up the chain of command. There’s no guarantee for that packet’s approval, or for your transfer to the IRR.

If you want to improve your TPU to IRR transfer chances, refer to the valid reasons listed in AR 140 -10, Chapter 4, Paragraph 9. If you have enough documentations, and facts, to support one or more of these reasons, include them in your IRR packet. This’ll help you make your case for transferring to the IRR.

Employment Conflict:

Let’s say that your employer all of a sudden can’t release you from the work schedule so that you can drill… as your absence would cause an adverse impact on your employer’s operation. Before, this wasn’t an issue. Your employer released you for a weekend, and was able to continue his operation. When they couldn’t release you, you were able to reschedule.

Now? Your employer needs you, on the days you need to drill, in order for the company to continue on with its mission. Conditions had changed since you started working with this employer.

Or, you’re in a company that restructures and eliminates your job. They move you to another part of the company. In this new job, you’re on call to go to different parts of the country, and your schedule is random. You’re not able to do rescheduled training. Your employer can’t spare you for any reserve drill without negatively impacting company operations.

These are just two examples, of which there are many, on how your employment could evolve into something that makes it hard for you to meet TPU requirements.

In your Soldier’s Statement of Justification letter, provide an objective picture of how your employment schedule makes it impractical for you to continue with the TPU. Include statements from your employer to back this justification.

Change of address:

You accept a new job within your company. It’ll pay you more, it’s something that you love doing, and it represents a move up in your civilian career. The catch? You have to go somewhere that’s two days away from the nearest Army Reserve center. Your employer isn’t able to spare you enough time to get to, and return from, the nearest Army Reserve unit.

In this scenario, you’re a TPU Soldier that can’t drill with any Army Reserve unit.

Or, you get a promotion that sends you overseas. Your job location is a long flight away from the nearest Army Reserve Center.

For something like this, you’d be able to submit a packet to transfer to the IRR. In your statement of soldier justification, include employment orders, employment promotion documentations, new job description, an objective picture that details your new job location, your new residence, etc.

Cogent personal reasons:

This is sort of a “catch all” to cover other reasons not specifically covered in AR 140-10.

What you think is a very good reason to transfer may not be what the Army thinks it is. You also have to see this from your unit’s perspective.

You’re asking them to release you, when they need you at the unit during drills and summer training. They don’t have a guarantee that they’ll get a replacement Soldier. You have to convince them to “sign off” on your IRR packet.

Let’s say that you’re “burned out” from doing drills. You just want to “sit around” in the IRR until the “burnt out” phase ends. In your unit’s eyes, this is a subjective reason. They could work with you to where you wouldn’t need to submit an IRR transfer packet.

In this example, your soldier justification letter needs to provide an accurate, objective, picture of how your Army reserve duties contribute to you being burned out. You’ll need letters from your medical professionals to help bolster your justifications.

Whatever the personal reason that you choose, make sure that you could provide an objective picture. Make sure that you could provide factual information from subject matter experts involved with your situation.

You also want to prove that there’s no other way to “solve” your current issue other than to transfer to the IRR. Before you do this, you have to exhaust the means to resolve this with resources that your unit could reference you to.

You completed the TPU portion of your contract, now you’re ready to transfer to the IRR:

As of this writing, everybody that joins the military, for the first time, signed an eight year contract. When a first time enlister signs a 6 year Army Reserve contract, they’re not just signing up for 6 years. When those 6 years are over, that Soldier has an additional 2 years of commitment. They can request transfer to the IRR after their TPU commitment.

This concept applies even if the TPU part of the contract was 3, 4, or 5 years.

Once the TPU portion of the contract is over, they can request transfer to the IRR. They have to continue drilling with the unit until they receive their IRR orders.

Surviving son or daughter:

You’re in the reserves, and pursuing your civilian career. Two years later, your last remaining sibling passes on. You’re now your parents’ only surviving child. This is an unfortunate event, but one that gives you an opportunity to transfer from the TPU to the IRR.

When you write your Soldier justification letter, include documentation proving that you’re now the last/sole surviving child for your parents.

Dependency or hardship makes it impractical to participate in TPU:

Let’s say your family situation changes, and you have to provide extra care and supports to one of your family members. This family member is someone on your dependents list. You don’t have an alternative care plan… nobody else could afford to give up a lot of their time, and sacrifice their employment, to help you out.

This dependent family member needs your presence. Without you, this family member’s welfare is negatively impacted.

Two examples of this category is an “assisted living” situation and a “direct support provider” situation. In these scenarios, a family member is unable to care for him or herself. The family member requires a soldier’s attention, supervision, and direct support to do basic functions.

Statements from doctors, social workers, case managers, and other related people should be included in this packet. Their statement should focus on the nature of the dependency hardship, and on the need for you to be consistently available.


If you’re pregnant, you may be able to transfer to the IRR. You have to be MOS qualified, and you can’t be within 3 months of your ETS.

Non selection for retention:

This impacts TPU Soldiers that have received their “official notification of eligibility to retire with pay at 60” letter. This is the “20 year letter.” By regulation, these Soldiers are subjected to a Qualitative Retention Board.

Prior to this board’s convening, the impacted Soldier receives a “pre board” packet. The Soldier is given a couple of options. If the board removes the Soldier from the TPU, which control group would the Soldier like to transfer to?

The Soldier could elect to be transferred to the retired reserves, or to the IRR. Should the qualitative review board decide to remove the Soldier from the TPU, orders will be generated transferring the Soldier to the control group that the Soldier selected.

This is also applicable to TPU Soldiers subjected to the actions of other types of retention boards. In this situation, a Soldier may have the option to transfer to the IRR.

Enrollment into a non-scholarship ROTC:

A “non-scholarship” ROTC program is one that offers the student a chance to participate in an ROTC program without financial benefits. These students don’t get a monthly stipend. These students pay for their own tuition, fees, and other expenses.

Soldiers that get accepted into this type of ROTC program can submit an IRR packet.

Merchant Marine Academy:

If you get accepted into the Merchant Marine Academy, you can submit an IRR transfer packet.

Army Regulation 140-10:

For details on each of these categories, and how to apply under them, read Army regulation 140 -10, Assignments, Attachments, Details, and Transfers.

Counseling statements from the commanding officer and servicing career counselor:

Did you get a bonus for enlisting into your current TPU contract? If your IRR transfer gets approved, you could lose the remainder of your bonus. Depending on your bonus stipulation, you could end up having to pay back the part of your bonus that you received.

If you’re receiving a bonus, you need to be informed of this fact when you submit your IRR packet.

This counseling statement should also inform you of your IRR responsibilities. The commanding officer will include any information that’s important to you. This includes the fact that you must continue to drill with the unit until you receive transfer orders to the IRR.

The career counselor will inform you of opportunities that are available to you in the IRR, including opportunities to reclassify and transfer back to the TPU when personal conditions favor such a move.

IRR transfer packet tips:

1. Are you on your initial contract, with IRR time following your TPU time? By regulation, you’re not supposed to submit your IRR packet until your TPU obligation is complete. You can submit your IRR transfer packet the day after your “TPU ETS” date.

2. After you submit your IRR packet, you have to drill with your unit until you receive orders transferring you to the IRR.

Don’t simply go by what somebody at your unit says. Some Soldiers have stopped drilling after they “completed” their “TPU years,” because they thought they were automatically in the IRR. This wasn’t true, they had to report back to drill.

3. Follow up on your packet. If HRC doesn’t get your packet, they might extend your TPU status to the end of your military service obligation. In this case, you’ll have to drill until your 8 years is up.

4. If you have unresolved medical issues, you have to have these issues resolved before you can transfer to the IRR.

5. IRR Soldiers still have obligations and point requirements to make. However, you could consider the active standby reserves instead of the IRR if you want to “get away” from the TPU temporarily.

In the IRR, you have to get at least 50 points a retirement year.

In the active standby reserves, there’s no requirement for you to get at least 50 points. You maintain your military affiliation, but you’re generally not required to maintain a good year. The active standby reserves is what most people assume the IRR is.

Additional References:

1. AR 140-10; provides details on the above categories as justification for IRR transfer.

2. AR G1 Policy Letters.

3. USAR Pamphlet 600-5.

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Facebook Vs Twitter

A lot of controversy surrounds Facebook and Twitter. Well not so much the controversies of the two programs themselves, but there general uses in Internet Marketing. Facebook closed the past week with 68 million visitors, while Twitter only 6 million. Which is better for your traffic generation and advertising.

This is the controversy. Many internet marketers state that you need to get your articles and advertising onto the most viewed sites: Facebook in this case, while other state it's the quality of the traffic that counts.

Well obviously your content would have been viewed more with Facebook, it's a bit easier to see that you may getter better results with twitter. Look at the different type of traffic that is generated by both sites.

Facebook is used by 68 million visitors. But most of those people use it to talk with friends, share photos, and stay in touch with their friends, family, and other close ones. A higher percentage of the people viewing your content will pass it on. And advertising on Facebook is almost non-responsive. But it still does not mean it's an effective internet marketing source and a good way to start making money online to say the least.

However, twitter may cut the time down quite a bit because of that 6 million viewers, most of them are searching for information on various topics. Exactly what twitter was made for. While Facebook is more of a way to stay in touch, twitter will actually put your online money making media in front of the people that want to see it. Your results will fair a lot better.

I'm not saying that you can not use Facebook. But what I'm saying is that you should concentrate more of your time to using twitter, and use a smaller portion on Facebook. Both are good to use, but remember in internet marketing, you want to make 20% of your action contribute to 80% of your income.

Think smart and you'll go a lot further online.

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How to Make Money on Facebook in an Easy Way

With the increase in popularity of Facebook in the last few years, a lot of marketers have been thinking about how to make money on Facebook. Facebook ads are easily available to anyone who has an internet connection. Creating an account and a page on the site is simple and only takes a few minutes. The registration process is quick and this is one of the main reasons why a lot of companies find advertising on Facebook to be the quickest and the easiest option. However, marketers should know that Facebook is far from the "make money online quick" schemes and is a genuine marketing channel which can provide innumerable benefits when used correctly.

A Cost Effective Method of Advertising
If you are wondering how to make money on Facebook then you should know that this social media site has a large base of members and is one of the best places for your brand to be seen. Making money from Facebook is easy since there is a lot of potential of attracting huge traffic to your business because of its incredible daily traffic levels and large base of members. Other than Google, Facebook today is one of the most visited sites globally. It provides an excellent opportunity to businesses to target the right customer base for any online business or affiliate site. Facebook Ads are very cost effective. Quality clicks can be a little expensive but if you know how to optimize the ads, it would be possible to get high quality leads for an incredibly small price. In the long run, it will allow you to make more money in a small budget.

How to Make Money on Facebook – Essential Features which Make It Easy To Make Money
Since it is very difficult to target people that are in a buying mode, it is essential to promote products and services based on other factors. Demographic targeting is very necessary since it is very helpful when it comes to creating leads. With Facebook ads, a business would be able to aim for potential customers that are more prone to switch their choices based on their age, relationship status, sex and location. Facebook also offers plenty of other good options and features which makes it easy to target useful leads instead of traffic that gives low conversion ratio. Marketers would be able to target customers based on their interests and likes using psychological access. It is an easy and a very incredible platform that is easy to work with and with a little experience, making money through Facebook ads is easy.

Facebook offers a lot of flexibility, which is one of the most important factors needed to make the most out of any marketing campaign. With the flexibility to choose a campaign of your choice like CPC and CPM as well as the option to set up a daily budget and select where the ads would be displayed, marketers have a better opportunity to get the most traffic by using their ads in the right way. Learning how to make money on Facebook is easy and uncomplicated.

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Social Media Marketing – A Branding New Experience

Social media is actually referred to as a type of 'Inbound marketing' which is a specific type of marketing strategy that focuses on getting discovered by customers, rather than just seeking out customers. This is accomplished by developing a relationship between the brand and customer. Here, marketers are alerting their way into a consumer's life rather than buying or begging their way in, as with the more traditional or 'outbound' marketing techniques. Due to the shift in lifestyles of today's society and the many technological advances that we face such as caller ID, Tivo, iPads, and blackberries, the effectiveness of outbound marketing is steadily declining. This leads people away from being exposed to TV and radio commercials, magazines, and telemarketers and more towards the internet and social search engines.

For this reason, it is in your best interest to master the art of utilizing social branding network techniques in order to promote your business, whether big or small, in order to create awareness and interest. Using Social Media will give you leverage to compete with larger brands and with bigger budgets. There are a few social media sites in particular that are highly populated and visited so it is best to start by plugging into those because this will generate an extremely larger audience.

Create profiles on as many social media sites as possible, but it is suggested that you first and foremost begin with Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn. These are all free and easy, and are accessed by the most people. Be sure to use all possible Facebook tools such as posting a fan page for your business and include pictures, questions, information, and resources that your target audience would find useful, entertaining, and interesting. On Twitter you will also need to set up an account and try to customize the page as individual and unique with a background and catchy titles. With twitter you are given a limited amount of text to use, so make sure to hyperlink words back to your website or blog, which will also create traffic and the possibility of being picked up by search engines such as Google. Finally, with LinkedIn you will create a personal account and company page where you can link your company's website to the blog and it will be shared with the professional community. You will have the ability to answer questions posted by your target audience which will give you "expertise" in the field.

Keep in mind that you should always listen out to what your audience audience is interested in and asking so that you can cater to their needs and needs accordingly. If you can detect what they are talking about and desiring to learn more from, then you can relate to them and create value by sharing your thoughts and company's initiatives. It's also important to note that the social media sites should not be used to pitch your products or brands but rather to connect with groups of people who have similar interests and are looking for useful information and answers. The key is to create reliable, valuable content on these social media sites so that they will be passed along, referenced, and regenerated by various users. The general idea is to get people familiar and talking about your company and if you can develop these sites and stand out in any possible way then you will be sure to accomplish your goal.

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6 Porn Star Tips For Long-Lasting Sex – Forget Premature Ejaculation

What makes porn stars last so long in bed? How do they control delay their ejaculation so much, while having a vigorous and intense sex? Let’s looks at some secrets of their sexual stamina.

Masturbate Before Hand

Surprisingly enough, even professional porn stars use this technique for lasting longer in bed. They masturbate 2-3 hours before shooting the film. Second ejaculation lasts much longer for any man, so they utilize this property of male body to their advantage.


Porn star actors always keep their breathing in check to make sure it doesn’t get fast and heavy. Fast and heavy breath destroys men’s sexual stamina very quickly. Instead they stay aware of their breath and breathe in a controlled and deep manner.

Relax Your Muscles

Another trick is to keep your body relaxed, especially your abdominal area, thighs and butt. It is natural for those muscles to start flexing during sex, but with a little bit of attention you can easily make sure they are relaxed. Flexing your abs, butt and legs can greatly speed up your ejaculation.

Correct Mental Game

As you might know porn stars are very confident and that helps them greatly to last long. Keep your mind clear of all the thoughts about sex and be confident. You can see significant improvements from this alone

Stay In Control

Because of their confidence, male porn actors always stay in control during sex. If you feel that you are reaching an early orgasm, do not hesitate to pull out and relax. When you regain control of your arousal levels, put your penis back into vagina and continue the intercourse. Women like men who are in control.

PC Muscle Squeeze

Many porn stars use this advanced technique. Basically there is a PC muscle between your anus and testicles, which controls your ejaculation reflex. When you are urinating in the bathroom, if you try to stop your pee form coming out, you are using this muscle. Similarly to pee, you can stop sperm from coming out by flexing this muscle at the moment of ejaculation.

The problem is that you need a very developed PC muscle to be able to do that. But do not worry: beginners can use a simpler technique. Instead of flexing the muscle, press it with your finger the moment before ejaculation. Hold it tightly for 20-30 seconds and you should be able to prevent the ejaculation. After that you can continue your intercourse.

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3 LinkedIn Tips for Timid Recommendation Requesters

For some, asking for LinkedIn recommendations is as easy as saying hello. For others, it crosses over into the discomfort zone. But as we often hear, if you’re not uncomfortable, you’re not growing. And what better way to grow your business than to let others who have experienced your greatness share that sentiment with the world! Here are a few ways to make that request process a bit easier.

1. Be a “Go Giver”. There’s a great little book by Bob Burg and John David Mann on this concept. Notice I did not say “give to get”. Big difference. So, if you have a great working relationship with someone and you’d love to get a rave review from that person, give them one first. A truly genuine one! Quite often this gesture comes with reciprocation. And LinkedIn is there to help you. When someone accepts your recommendation on their profile, it also suggests that they do the same for you.

2. Start with what you’ve already been given: Clients often ask how to get recommendations they’ve been given elsewhere onto LinkedIn. Many Realtors & lenders have great reviews on Trulia or Zillow. Restaurants, retails shops and fitness studios may have top notch sentiment on Yelp that they’d like to show on LinkedIn. Make it simple for them: Copy and paste the original review into an email, send that person the email showing great appreciation for the review, and let them know you’re upping your LinkedIn game. Ask them to simply copy and paste what they wrote before into your LinkedIn profile. You can do this via the LinkedIn recommendation request process itself, or via a custom email using your unique URL. (more on that in a minute… )

3. Make it your closing process: Sometimes, people simply don’t like dealing with LinkedIn’s recommendation process, but don’t realize there’s a way around it. What do most of us do when we finish a project or close a transaction with someone? Send them an email to follow up, thank them, let them know we’re still here for them, and send them any wrap up materials. At the end of that email, simply add one more line, asking them for a review of your work together. You may want to highlight any roadblocks you helped them through, or particular successes you achieved together to plant a seed.

Since I’m often asked to help with language, here’s what I mean…

NOT: Remember how I kicked ass for you by doing that awesome thing?

RATHER: I’m so glad we were able to weather the storm together and overcome that daunting issue!

Then, include your recommendation URL** for them to click directly to.

**That URL…

  1. Grab a friend and have them log into their LinkedIn profile.
  2. Go to YOUR profile while logged in as them.
  3. Click on the “More” button and then “Recommend”.
  4. Grab the URL from the address bar and save this to use in step 2 & 3.

OR use the below URL and customize for yourself (after the LinkedIn dot com – had to take out for rules here).

“/in/YOUR UNIQUE LI NAME/detail/recommendation/write/”

Current LinkedIn recommendations can go a long way to establish trust, expertise, and stand out from others a potential client may be researching.

Now go get your horn tooted!

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Six Steps to Increase Your Number of Twitter Followers

Not really sure about Twitter?

You are certainly not alone. According to 2009 LinkedIn Harris poll, to the question "Thinking about Twitter, what is your closest opinion?" 69% of the consumers in the poll responded "I do not know enough about Twitter to have an opinion."

Yet, even by 2009, Twitter had made an impact on the world. One of the most memorable events occurred in April 2008 when James Buck, a University of California at Berkley graduate student, was arrested while photographing an anti-government protest in Egypt. Buck managed to send a quick tweet from his Twitter account that consistent of a single word: arrested.

His followers contacted the University, the American Embassy as well as media organizations, who together put pressure on Egyptian authorities. The next day Buck sent yet another one-word tweet: freed.

Now the tweets you send about your organization may not be as dramatic as those from Buck, but with help from Heather Mansfield, author of Social Media for Social Good , here are six Twitter best practices to follow:

1. Find Your Voice – Have Personality and Build Community. Sure, it's fine and helpful to your followers to push out content about yourself, like information about road closures, detours and the current number of parking spaces, but the best Twitter voices have character and are friendly. These voices share opinions and contribute to discussions. Send out a wide variety of content, including photos and videos. Certainly resist the temptation to automate your tweets or direct messages. Inspirational quotes and powerful statistics have high tweet (and retweet) appeal.

2. Track Your Links. Use a third-party app such as Google URL Shortener, Bit.ly or Owl.ly to track your links. Not only do these free tools shrink long links, allowing you more characters for tweeting, but they also provide useful statistics on how many people clicked on your links. Twitterers who do not track their links are simply tweeting blind. Your number one job in the successful use of social media is to find out what kind of content your followers want and to provide more of it to them.

3. Do not Tweet Only Your Content. Mix it up ! Tweet articles or blog posts from your favorite newspapers, bloggers and partner organizations. An insurance agent I know will syndicate a local sports team or ask followers where they will be going on vacation or if they will be attending the county fair. With social media, engagement (and not one-way communication) is the key.

4. Retweet and Reply Often. Follow the Golden Rule. The more your organization promotes others through retweets and replies, the more your business will get retweeted and mentioned. This is one of the fastest ways to grow your follower base.

5. Follow on a 1: 1 Ratio. If you have 1,000 followers then you should be following 1,000 Tweets in return. Why? Four reasons:

a. You're likely to get more followers if people see that you follow in return.
b. People can not direct message you if you are not following them.
c. People are less likely to mention or retweet you if they think you'll never retweet or mention them.
d. People will get an email saying that your organization is now following them.

6. How often should you tweet? The lifespan of a tweet is about 90 minutes. Most people only browse their tweets in real time. Tweet 4 to 6 times a day and space your tweets throughout the day. Twitter is most active from 9 am to noon.

To learn more about how to use Twitter to promote your organization, visit business.twitter.com .

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